An orthodontist is a specialty dentist that works to straighten the teeth in a person’s mouth. Some people have teeth that are misaligned, growing on top of one another, and which are out of place.
An orthodontist is trained to correct this misalignment by various devices and procedures. In many cases, the teeth are too crowded in the mouth because of the jawbone not being large enough. Consequently, the teeth do not grow in straight but are usually growing every which way.
In situations like this, some of the teeth have to be extracted to make room for the teeth to slide together and form a straight line. Traditionally, the teeth are straightened by placing metal bands on each tooth with a kind of cement, and then attaching a wire that is tied in place with each band.
The wire goes from the back of the mouth through a portal on each band, going around the front of the teeth and then back again to the back tooth on the other side of the mouth. This is done both on the upper teeth and the lower teeth.
The bands are gradually tightened, which over time pulls the teeth around to forming a straight line, so that eventually the teeth all lineup and are straightened.
This is a process that can take 2 to 3 years to complete the straightening of the teeth, as they slowly and gradually move into place. Once the teeth are straightened, the braces are removed, as are the bands that go on the teeth, and a retainer is worn on the inside of the teeth to keep them from sliding back toward their original positions.
After another year or so, the retainer can be set aside, and the individual will have set of straight teeth that will totally change their appearance.
Self-confidence is a significant factor in a child or teenager having success in life, and if a child’s teeth are all crooked and tangled up, it’s hard for the child to think well of himself or herself. However, once the braces are off, the self-confidence of the child goes way up, and it lasts for a lifetime.
Another method of braces that is used is called Invisalign, and it uses a clear plastic liner that fits behind the teeth, thus remaining invisible to other people. This method does not work for all individuals, but it can get excellent results as well.